Angola


Profile of Angola


Angola is located in the western region of southern Africa, with the following spatial data:

• Latitude - North - 04°22`G / South - 18°02`G.
• Longitude - East - 24°05`EG / West - 11°41'EG
• Area: 1,246,700 km22
• Extension of the Atlantic Coast: 1,650 km
• Land boundaries: 4,837 km
• Countries bordering the North: Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo.
• Countries bordering the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Zambia.
• Countries bordering the South: Republic of Namibia.
• West: Atlantic Ocean.

Angola has 18 provinces:

Province Extension Capital
Bengo 33.016 Caxito
Benguela 39.826 Benguela
Bié 70.314 Kuito
Cabinda 7.270 Cabinda
Kuando-Kubango 199.049 Menongue
Kwanza-Norte 24.110 N'dalatando
Kwanza-Sul 55.600 Sumbe
Cunene 87.342 Ondjiva
Huambo 34.270 Huambo
Huíla 79.022 Lubango
Luanda 2.417 Luanda
Lunda-Norte 103.000 Dundo
Lunda-Sul 77.367 Saurimo
Malanje 97.602 Malanje
Moxico 223.023 Luena
Namibe 57.091 Namibe
Uige 58.698 Uíge
Zaire 40.130 M'Banza Congo

Approximately 65% of the territory is situated at an altitude between 1000 and 1600 meters.

The official currency is the Kwanza. The official language is Portuguese, in addition to other languages different national languages (dialects), the most spoken: the Kikongo, Kimbundu, Tchokwe, Umbundo, Mbunda, Kwanyama, Nyaneka, Fiot, Nganguela, etc..

The Climate

Weather in Angola has two seasons: rainy, warm period that occurs between the months of September to May, and the dry season. The Cacimbo or dry and less hot and runs from May to September.

The country has a geographic location for being in the inter-tropical and sub-tropical Southern Hemisphere, to be near the sea, and the specifics of its relief, is divided into two distinct climatic regions:

• The Coastal Region - with an annual average relative humidity of 30% and the average temperature above 23 ° C;

• The Region of the Interior, sub-divided into the northern zone, with high rainfall and high temperatures, altitude zone covering the central plateau regions with a dry season and low temperatures Southwest Zone, semi-arid in consequence of the proximity of the desert Namibe, extension of the Kalahari Desert, subject to large tropical continental air masses.

Average temperatures in the country are: 27 ° C maximum and minimum 17 ° C.

The climatic diversity that corresponds tourism potential represented by a natural heritage rich in diverse flora and fauna, making it possible to practice all sorts of leisure activities, hobbies and adventures.

Flora

Angola has five types of natural areas, dense rainforest and the like Maiombe that contains the most rare woods in the world, the savannas, usually associated with forests such as the Lunda, the dry savannas with trees or shrubs in Luanda , downtown Kassanje and certain areas of Lunda.

There are still areas of steppe along a track that has a beginning south of Sumbe and finally, the desert that occupies a narrow coastal strip in the extreme south, where we can find in the Namib Desert and one species endemic in world that so characterizes this country "Welwitchia Mirabilis."


Fauna

In Angola are known numerous species scattered across several regions. In the forest of Maiombe live gorillas, chimpanzees and parrots in natural areas wetter in the north, center, center and east, we can observe Golungo, the Giant-Black Palanca , anendemic species in the world and in danger of extinction, Seixa and Elephants. Already appear in the drier regions of the Goat-Range, Guelengue of the desert or Orix, the Gnu, Impala, Cheetah, Buffalo, also the Elephant, Zebra and Giraffe. Pets more or less common throughout the territory are the Hyena, the Read-Palanca, Lion, Leopard and Hippo.

In marine life there is also a huge variety of fish and shellfish that are also found in rivers and that, alongside these, we can also see Crocodiles and Alligators.

The Main Rivers

The main river of Angola is the Kwanza, which gives the name of the national currency with 1000 Km in length, but only 240 km are navigable. Then, with the 975 km Kubango, Cunene then with 800 km and finally, among the four largest in the country, Zaire with 150 Km in length, the latter being, all of it navigable.

The Angolan rivers offer opportunities for the implementation of tourist business or mixed like trade-tourism or the practice of eco-tourism.

Mineral Resources

Angola is a country potentially rich in mineral resources. It is estimated that your basement shelter 35 of the 45 most important world trade among the most important being oil, natural gas, diamonds, phosphates, bitumen, iron, copper, magnesium, gold and ornamental rocks, etc.



Pesquisa Electrónica

Qual é a data do aniversário natalício de Sua Excelência Senhor Presidente da República, Eng.º José Eduardo dos Santos?